It is impossible to imagine the sporting world existing without proactivity. Phil Jackson, the former coach of the Lakers, called it ‘selflessness,’ while others have called it ‘second effort’. Jackson defines this behavioural attribute as the capacity of each player to give something to the others beyond the fulfilment of their own duties. If a player needs to block a shot from a rival, but notices as the ball is thrown that he would be better off supporting a teammate, then he should do it without a doubt. For Phil Jackson, the key to a tight team is the capacity to do more than simply what one is required to do, so long as it benefits and does not weaken the team.
Nonetheless, what would happen if the goalkeeper of a football team implemented proactive behaviour by rounding off a corner ten minutes before the end of the game, rather than in injury time? The proactive behaviour training that we propose requires you to act in order to contribute the highest quality in a controlled and efficient manner. Selfless support, exercised with control, can make a big difference. Selfless support, exercised without control and at the wrong time, reduces the efficiency of the team.